Diastema refers to the presence of large gaps or spaces between two or more teeth. Diastema is most commonly seen in the upper jaw and rarely in the lower jaw. The two upper front teeth are more commonly found to be having gaps. Many children experience diastema as their primary teeth fall off. In most cases, this issue of diastema is present when the permanent teeth erupt but they resolve naturally in most cases as the child grows. When it does not resolve after 14 years of age, it calls for intervention. Certain cosmetic treatment procedures can be employed to treat diastema caused by certain reasons. Let us explore the causes and then check the cosmetic treatment available to treat them.
Periodontal disease is an advanced gum disease that is caused by the bacteria present in dental plaque. Periodontal diseases are the infection of the gum where the gum tissue and jaw bone that support our teeth are decayed and destroyed. Periodontitis is characterized by inflammation of the gums. This initial inflammation of the gums is known as gingivitis. The gums may look red, swollen and you might even notice a discolored layer of bacterial plaque on your teeth. Untreated gingivitis can progress into periodontitis. If the progress of periodontitis is not halted, the supporting structures of the teeth which include the surrounding gums and bone will be damaged and eventually destroyed. When people ignore at this stage too, the jaw bone loss proceeds with the teeth loss.