A dental abscess is a condition where pus is collected within the teeth, gums or the bone that holds the teeth in place. A dental abscess is usually caused due to a bacterial infection. A dental abscess can occur in different regions of our tooth. Here are more to dental abscess.
Types of Dental Abscess
If the abscess occurs in the tip of the root, it is known as a periapical abscess. If the abscess occurs in the gums, at the side of a tooth root, it is known as a periodontal abscess. Leaving dental abscess untreated can lead to serious complications and can even pose a threat to your life.
Signs and symptoms of Dental Abscess
- The patient will have severe toothaches that may radiate to the jaw and neck region.
- They might also face tooth sensitivity.
- Gums are swollen, shiny and are of deep red color.
- Patients can have swelling in the face and cheeks.
- Tender lymph nodes which are swollen under your jaw can be seen.
- Toothaches will mostly be accompanied by fever.
- Patients may also experience difficulty breathing or swallowing.
Causes of Dental Abscess
The lack of proper dental hygiene is the main cause of dental abscess. Our mouth is filled with different types of bacteria which form a sticky film (plaque) over your teeth if not cleaned properly. If proper oral hygiene is not maintained, the acids produced by these bacteria can cause tooth decay, gum diseases, tooth abscess, and other dental problems. Other risk factors that cause tooth abscess include high sugar consumption, dry mouth, weakened immune system, etc.
When to see a dentist if you show signs of Dental Abscess?
A dental abscess does not go away without treatment. It is always advised to go see a dentist as soon as you know that you have a dental abscess or if you have the symptoms outlined above. The treatment for dental abscess depends upon the location and the severity of the abscess.
Treatment Types for Dental Abscess
Incision and drainage
In this process, a small incision is made to the abscess site and the abscess is drained. This is usually a temporary solution, after which further treatment may be needed.
In this process, the abscess is removed and the roots of the affected tooth are cleaned, filled and sealed.
Tooth extraction is employed only if the abscess is too severe to treat, or if a root canal is not possible. Usually, if the tooth cannot be salvaged, root canal treatment is not done.