Periodontal disease is an advanced gum disease that is caused by the bacteria present in dental plaque. Periodontal diseases are the infection of the gum where the gum tissue and jaw bone that support our teeth are decayed and destroyed. Periodontitis is characterized by inflammation of the gums. This initial inflammation of the gums is known as gingivitis. The gums may look red, swollen and you might even notice a discolored layer of bacterial plaque on your teeth. Untreated gingivitis can progress into periodontitis. If the progress of periodontitis is not halted, the supporting structures of the teeth which include the surrounding gums and bone will be damaged and eventually destroyed. When people ignore at this stage too, the jaw bone loss proceeds with the teeth loss.
How Zygomatic Implants are different from Conventional Dental Implants
Dental Implants remain to be the gold standard treatment for the loss of one or more teeth. Even with years of advancements, conventional dental implants have its fair share of limitations. In a nutshell, not everyone is eligible to get conventional dental implants. One of the biggest limitations of conventional dental implants is that they cannot be placed if there is substantial bone loss. But with the advent of Zygomatic Implants even people with substantial upper jaw bone loss can get dental implants. Zygomatic Implants are essentially longer than conventional implants which allow it to be engaged and placed in the strong and bulky Zygomatic bone (cheekbone). The other significant advantage is people who are getting Zygomatic Implants need not undergo any bone grafting procedure.
The success rate of the full arch rehabilitation with Zygomatic Implants is better than full arch rehabilitation done with conventional dental implants.
Oral Rehabilitation with Zygomatic Implants
Oral rehabilitation starts first with an evaluation of existing dentition, treatment for the periodontitis where the treatment might include cleaning, root canal treatment and disinfecting (this step is done only for teeth that can be salvaged), and antibiotic medication. In some severe cases, complete extraction of all the existing dentition might also be recommended before cleaning and antibiotic medications.
Zygomatic Implants serve as an excellent treatment option for people with severe upper jaw bone atrophy. The initial procedures usually start with teeth designing. Teeth designing are done as a setup arrangement of the teeth to position it in its desired position. Since candidates for Zygomatic implants have lost their supporting upper jaw bone, dentists have to consider extra factors while teeth designing. One of the main factors is correcting facial collapse or facial height. The surgery will require anesthesia and the surgery will take about 3-5 hours. A fixed resin bridge on the same day of the implantation is normally given as part of giving ideal facial height.